Last month Dr. Bulmer from JCET was invited to give two presentations. The first was at the Sixth Spatial Socio-Cultural Knowledge Workshop which was held at the Defense Academy Shrivenham. The focus of the workshop was on Human Geography for Decision Support and Dr Bulmer gave a paper entitled “Civil Military Operations: The increasing necessity for Geo-inputs in planning and response”. Attending the workshop were a wide stakeholder group, including Defence and non-Defence departments of state and NGOs. The aim was to develop an integrated view on seven different, but related objectives connected with human geography for decision support. The second was at the Tenth International Conference on Military Geosciences: Rebellions and Military Reactions held in Aviemore. Dr. Bulmer gave the Keynote speech entitled “Geo-inputs in Civil Military Planning and Response”. He highlighted that Earth in the 21st Century is marked with societies ravaged by, or at significant risk of, conflicts, disasters, environmental emergencies, and humanitarian catastrophes. In the last decades, national and foreign militaries have been involved in emergency and disaster response, reconstruction and development roles, often as part of counter insurgency operations, peace-keeping and peace support operations. Dr. Bulmer proposed that the 21st Century strategic environment is increasingly best described using the concept of coupled human natural systems. A myriad of ethnic, religious, ideological and capability drivers create the human systems that interface and interact with the natural system. The human system is increasingly being shocked by environmental degradation, geological, hydrometeorological, space weather events and climate change. Around the world, increasing evidence that climate change is altering the interfaces and interactions that link human to natural sub-systems is being recognized in civil and military policies and strategies. Dr. Bulmer is of the opinion that this requires a renewed emphasis in civil military planning on identifying naturally induced drivers of conflict, disasters and humanitarian catastrophes. Where possible, the aim is to prevent them by understanding factors such as their frequency, duration and magnitude. Such understanding of the physical environment requires geo-eco-bio-physical and related technical knowledge collectively described as geo-inputs. These inputs are especially important to civil military planners and responders when considering the duration of future military conflicts, responses to disasters and humanitarian catastrophes. If the desired end-state is to be attained then the effects of climate change on the coupled human natural systems in the geographical area of operations, must be identified and appropriately informed responses implemented. Click here for the full image.