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Profile Photo for Jay Herman

Jay Herman

Sr Res Sci

Joint Center for Earth Systems Technology
Ph D, Pennsylvania State U (1965)
MS, Penn State University (1963)
BS, Clarkson College (now University) (1959)
CV View CV

MS. (1963) and PhD. (1965) from Penn State in Physics. Research scientist in atmospheric composition, building instruments (ground-based and satellite).

Research Interests

Dr. Herman has had wide experience in a number of diverse fields. Early in his career at Goddard Space Flight Center (1965-1970), he worked in the fields of ionospheric and plasma physics and planetary atmospheres. Starting in 1970, he developed a theoretical model of the earth’s atmosphere that included extensive chemistry analysis to estimate the effects of accumulating chlorine on the ozone layer. This led to an interest in satellite instruments measuring ozone (Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer, TOMS). Dr. Herman devised a corrected calibration method that led to the capability of the TOMS instrument successfully producing long-term ozone trends. As part of this effort, he became the Principle Investigator for the joint US-Russian Meteor-3 TOMS project. Dr. Herman worked on the distribution of aerosols as detected by the TOMS instrument and published the first papers on the motions of dust, smoke, and volcanic ash over the entire earth. He also developed an analysis of cloud amount and the long-term trends of cloud amount. This data was used to estimate the amount of ultra-violet radiation reaching the earth’s surface and discussions of potential health effects. In 1998, Dr. Herman became the Project Scientist of the Triana spacecraft project, now known as DSCOVR, which was just launched (February 2015) to the Lagrange-1 point to measure ozone, aerosols, cloud properties, and vegetation. Starting in 2006, Dr. Herman began the development of a new ground-based instrument, Pandora, capable of accurately measuring ozone and other trace gases in the atmosphere. The Pandora instrument is now mature and being deployed widely in the US and other countries. Dr. Herman started work at UMBC in 2009 where he continued the work on DSCOVR as EPIC instrument scientist and the Pandora spectrometer system project. Dr. Herman wrote a peer-reviewed journal article on the COVID-19 virus pandemic problem. Dr. Herman has 206 peer-reviewed scientific journal publications.

Intellectual Contributions

Spatial and temporal variability of ozone and nitrogen dioxide over a major urban estuarine ecosystem OI: 10.1007/s10874-013-9255-8. Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry

Towards a Methodology for Estimating Surface NO2 and SO2 Mixing Ratios from High Spatial and Temporal Resolution Retrievals, and its Applicability to High-resolution Space-based Observations 10.1007/s10874-013-9257-6 Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry


(Author & Presenter) American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting Oral Presentation Challenges and opportunities for remote sensing of air quality: Insights from DISCOVER-AQ American Geophysical Union San Francisco, CA